Expression of hsp90α and hsp90β during Xenopus laevis embryonic development

Taherian, A.A. and Ovsenek, N. and Krone, P.H. (2010) Expression of hsp90α and hsp90β during Xenopus laevis embryonic development. Iranian Biomedical Journal, 14 (4). pp. 127-135.

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Background: Members of the eukaryotic Hsp90 family function as important molecular chaperones in the assembly, folding and activation of cellular signaling in development. Two hsp90 genes, hsp90α and hsp90β, have been identified in fish and homeothermic vertebrates but not in poikilothermic vertebrates. In the present study, the expression of hsp90α and hsp90β genes in Xenopus laevis, which is phylogenetically positioned between zebrafish and mammals, has been addressed. Methods: Partial Xenopus hsp90α and hsp90β cDNA were identified and isolated using RT-PCR, and a full-length Xenopus hsp90β cDNA was isolated from an embryonic cDNA library. Northern-blot analysis was used to study the expression of hsp90α and hsp90β genes in total RNA of the embryos and in situ hybridization was used to compare the expression of these genes with that of hsp70 and MyoD genes in Xenopus embryogenesis. Results: Northern-blot analysis revealed that the hsp90β gene was strongly expressed constitutively at all stages of embryogenesis, but weakly induced following the heat shock. In contrast, the hsp90α gene was weakly expressed in embryos at control temperature, but strongly up-regulated following heat shock. In situ hybridization results showed that hsp90α gene was observed predominantly in cells of the developing somite. Microscopic sections showed that hsp90α and MyoD mRNA are expressed in similar regions in somite and this pattern was distinct from that of hsp70 and hsp90β. Conclusion: These data support the hypothesis that the presence of hsp90α and hsp90β genes is conserved among vertebrates, and these genes are differentially regulated in a tissue, stress, and development stage-specific manner.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: heat shock protein 90; heat shock protein 90alpha; heat shock protein 90beta; unclassified drug, amino acid sequence; article; controlled study; DNA determination; embryo development; gene expression regulation; in situ hybridization; molecular cloning; nonhuman; Northern blotting; nucleotide sequence; phylogeny; protein expression; sequence analysis; signal transduction; temperature; upregulation; Xenopus laevis, Animals; Blotting, Northern; Cloning, Molecular; DNA, Complementary; Gene Expression; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Library; Heat-Shock Response; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins; In Situ Hybridization; Molecular Sequence Data; MyoD Protein; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Xenopus laevis; Xenopus Proteins, Danio rerio; Eukaryota; Mammalia; Vertebrata; Xenopus laevis
Subjects: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Pathology& Histology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2017 08:36
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 14:22

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