Use of a preoperative playroom to prepare children for surgery

Hosseinpour, M. and Memarzadeh, M. (2010) Use of a preoperative playroom to prepare children for surgery. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 20 (6). pp. 408-411.

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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a playroom next to the operating room to reduce preoperative anxiety in children. Methods and Materials: In 2009, we designed a playroom in a preoperative waiting room in our hospital. The playroom had colored toys and cars appropriate for different ages and a TV and video to show cartoons. Patients were randomly assigned into a case or a control group. Control group patients were admitted to the preoperative waiting room 30 min prior to operation. Case group patients were admitted to the playroom for the same period of time. The anxiety levels of the children were compared using the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale (m-YPAS). Results: In this study 200 children were evaluated (100 patients in the case group, 100 patients in the control group). There were 20 female and 80 male patients in the case group with a mean age of 4.331.5 years and 26 female and 74 male patients in the control group with a mean age of 3.871.2 years (p=NS). Inguinal herniorraphy was the most common procedure in both groups. Preoperative anxiety was significantly decreased for all categories of the anxiety score as assessed by m-YPAS questionnaire. Conclusion: A preoperative playroom is a very effective method to reduce preoperative anxiety in children. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart - New York.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 5
Uncontrolled Keywords: anticipatory anxiety; art; article; child; controlled study; female; herniorrhaphy; human; major clinical study; male; operating room; playroom; preoperative care; preoperative evaluation; preoperative period; preschool child; questionnaire; television; waiting room, Anxiety; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Hospital Units; Humans; Male; Operating Rooms; Play Therapy; Preoperative Care; Surgical Procedures, Operative
Subjects: Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Surgery
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 05:16
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 14:34

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