Detection of drug resistance gene in cutaneous leishmaniasis by PCR in some endemic area of Iran

Alizadeh, R. and Hooshyar, H. and Bandehpour, M. and Arbabi, M. and Kazemi, F. and Talari, A. and Kazemi, B. (2011) Detection of drug resistance gene in cutaneous leishmaniasis by PCR in some endemic area of Iran. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 13 (12).

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Abstract

Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is still a health problem in many rural and urban regions of Iran and drug resistance has emerged as a major impediment in the treatment of leishmaniasis. This study aims to determine the drug resistance gene in cutaneous leishmaniasis by PCR in some endemic areas of Iran. Methods: Ninety seven samples were collected from ulcers of leishmaniasis patients from some endemic areas of Iran. The Giemsa stained samples were examined microscopically and cultured in NNN and RPMI 1640 mediums for parasite detection. After DNA extraction, PCR was done by a pair of specific primers. For detection of mutation in DNA, first PCR products were electrophoresed on CSGE gel. The suspected samples were compared by sequencing and RFLP results were demonstrated. Comparison of DNA derived from a wild type cell and mutant cell was undertaken by CSGE and sequencing methods. Results: Among 90 isolates (92.8) examined for detection of mutation in gene with CSGE and RFLP, 10 (11.1) revealed a disorder in sequencing selection for unresponsive to drug. Conclusion: Drug resistance in cutaneous leishmaniasis to sodium stiboglocanat is probably due to a mutation in a genome. A field study is needed to determine the distribution of drug resistance and other gene mutations involved in unresponsiveness to drugs in leishmaniasis endemic areas of Iran. © Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 5
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA; multidrug resistance protein 1, article; controlled study; DNA extraction; DNA sequence; endemic disease; gene mutation; genetic analysis; Giemsa stain; human; human cell; Iran; Leishmania major; Leishmania tropica; major clinical study; nonhuman; nucleotide sequence; polymerase chain reaction; skin leishmaniasis; skin ulcer
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Parasitological & Mycology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 04:29
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2017 14:41
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/883

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