The efficacy of 2 lidocaine gel in pain relieving of episiotomy: A double-blind randomized trial

Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi, M. and Sadat, Z. and Saberi, F. (2011) The efficacy of 2 lidocaine gel in pain relieving of episiotomy: A double-blind randomized trial. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 27 (2). pp. 375-378.

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Abstract

Objective: Episiotomy is the most common obstetric surgical and discomfort and pain is a common experience for all women exposed to episiotomy. This study was performed to investigate the efficacy of lidocaine gel 2 in pain relieving after episiotomy. Methodology: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 150 women who had episiotomy were selected and received 5cc lidocaine gel 2 or a placebo every four hours after episiotomy repair. Then pain ratings were recorded before the administration of the drugs and at 6 and 12 hour after the first dose, according to a numerical rating scale. Data were analyzed using the unpaired t- test, and the Pearson (�2) test. A P value of less than.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Women using lidocaine gel had lower average pain scores, although this only reached statistical significance at 12 hours after delivery (p =0.009). Mean pain score at this time was 2.63 ± 2.01 in lidocaine group and 3.6 ± 2.4 in placebo group. Also there was a significant difference between two group in consumption of analgesia in postpartum (P=0.034). There weren't any adverse effect with lidocaine gel uses. Conclusions: This study suggested that lidocaine gel is a safe and simple drug that may be effective for episiotomy pain relief on first day of postpartum.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: analgesic agent; lidocaine; placebo, absence of side effects; adult; analgesia; article; controlled study; double blind procedure; drug efficacy; drug safety; episiotomy; female; gel; human; major clinical study; pain assessment; postoperative pain; puerperium; randomized controlled trial; treatment response
Subjects: Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Midwifery
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 05:22
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 21:34
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/862

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