Antifungal activity of Zataria multiflora, Pelargonium graveolens and Cuminum cyminum essential oils towards three species of Malassezia isolated from patients with pityriasis versicolor

Naeini, A.R. and Nazeri, M. and Shokri, H. (2011) Antifungal activity of Zataria multiflora, Pelargonium graveolens and Cuminum cyminum essential oils towards three species of Malassezia isolated from patients with pityriasis versicolor. Journal de Mycologie Medicale, 21 (2). pp. 87-91.

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the anti-Malassezia activities of Zataria multiflora, Pelargonium graveolens and Cuminum cyminum essential oils (EOs) against different pathogenic Malassezia species isolated from patients with pityriasis versicolor (PV). Patients and methods: The EOs were obtained by water-distillation using a Clevenger-type system. Anti-Malassezia activity against Malassezia species was carried out using disk diffusion method in Dixon agar. Results: The main oil components were carvacrol (61.3) and thymol (25.2) for Z. multiflora, αpinene (30) and limonene (21) for C. cyminum and citronelol (28.2) and geraniol (22.1) for P. graveolens. The three Malassezia species showed a similar susceptibility to the three plants tested, C. cyminum (mean value: 48.3. mm) being the most active, followed by Z. multiflora (mean value: 28.1. mm) and P. graveolens (mean value: 26.1. mm). Conclusion: This study indicated that Z. multiflora, P. graveolens and C. cyminum EOs have considerable anti-Malassezia activities, deserving further investigation for clinical applications for the treatment of PV. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 8
Uncontrolled Keywords: antifungal agent; carvacrol; cineole; citronellol; Cuminum cyminum essential oil; essential oil; geraniol; ketoconazole; limonene; Pelargonium graveolens essential oil; pinene; thymol; unclassified drug; Zataria multiflora essential oil, antifungal activity; antifungal susceptibility; article; controlled study; cumin; disk diffusion; distillation; drug isolation; drug screening; fungus isolation; Malassezia; medicinal plant; nonhuman; Pelargonium; pelargonium graveolens; tinea versicolor; Zataria multiflora, Cuminum cyminum; Malassezia; Pelargonium graveolens; Zataria multiflora
Subjects: Immunology and Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Microbiology & Immunology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 08:01
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 14:36
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/859

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