Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the general population of Kashan, Iran

Ahmadvand, A. and Sepehrmanesh, Z. and Ghoreishi, F.S. and Afshinmajd, S. (2012) Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the general population of Kashan, Iran. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 15 (4). pp. 205-209.

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Background: Mental health is one of the most important public health issues because of its major contribution in decreasing the global burden of disease and its important role in assurance, dynamism, and efficacy. The present study evaluates the prevalence of mental disorders in the over 18-year-old population in Kashan, Iran during 2008-2009. Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Subjects were selected via stratified random sampling. The study was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, subjects were evaluated using the General Health Questionnaire. In stage two, two psychiatrists used a DSM-IV checklist to conduct clinical interviews. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS version 16, OR, CI, Chi-square, and Mantel-Heanszel tests. Results: The prevalence of mental disorders in Kashan was 29.2. In women it was 35.5, and in men, 21.2. The most prevalent disorders were mood (9.3) and anxiety disorders (4.7). Among the 505 subjects with mental disorders based on clinical interviews, 162 (32.1) suffered from mood disorders, 129 (25.6) anxiety disorders, 21 (4.2) psychotic disorders, 16 (3.4) neurologic disorders, 17 (3.4) dissociative disorders, and 120 (23.7) had other disorders. In this study, 7.8 of the subjects had more than one mental disorder. In the case of mood disorders, major depression (8.2) was the most common; as for anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (7.2) was the most prevalent. The prevalence was higher in people aged 56-65 (35.8), widows (35.8), the illiterate (42.8), and the unemployed (38.8). Mental disorder was significantly affected by gender, education, occupation, and marital status. Conclusions: The results show that psychiatric disorders in Kashan are higher than at the time of the previous research in this region (1999). Therefore, prevention programs and treatment of psychiatric disorders in this city are of great priority.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 10
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; aged; agoraphobia; amnesia; anxiety disorder; article; bipolar I disorder; bipolar II disorder; chi square test; cross-sectional study; cyclothymia; delirium; descriptive research; dissociative disorder; DSM-IV; dysthymia; educational status; epilepsy; female; General Health Questionnaire; generalized anxiety disorder; health survey; human; Iran; major clinical study; major depression; male; Mantel Haenszel test; marriage; mental deficiency; mental disease; mood disorder; neurologic disease; obsessive compulsive disorder; occupation; panic; posttraumatic stress disorder; prevalence; psychiatrist; psychosis; puerperal depression; random sample; schizophrenia; social phobia; widow; adolescent; chi square distribution; confidence interval; employment; middle aged; psychological aspect; questionnaire; risk; sex difference, Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Anxiety Disorders; Chi-Square Distribution; Confidence Intervals; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dissociative Disorders; Educational Status; Employment; Female; Humans; Iran; Male; Mental Disorders; Middle Aged; Mood Disorders; Nervous System Diseases; Odds Ratio; Prevalence; Psychotic Disorders; Questionnaires; Sex Factors; Widowhood; Young Adult
Subjects: Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 14:53
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 14:53

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