Novel nanofiberous membrane fabricated via electrospinning of wastage fuzzes of mechanized carpet used for dye removal of the carpet dyeing wastewater

Akbari, A. and Sheshdeh, F.J. and Jabbari, V. (2012) Novel nanofiberous membrane fabricated via electrospinning of wastage fuzzes of mechanized carpet used for dye removal of the carpet dyeing wastewater. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 47 (6). pp. 847-853.

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Abstract

Novel nanofibrous membrane was fabricated by using electrospinning of wastage fuzzes of mechanized carpet which was used to remove the dye of the textile wastewater. SEM images showed that nanofibers with average diameters of 200 nm were successfully fabricated by electrospinning technique. The physicochemical properties of electrospun nanofiberous membranes were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. FTIR confirmed the presence of C�N, C=N, and C-N groups in the electrospun nanofibers which are the main functional groups of polyacrilonitrile (PAN). The resulting membrane showed dye retention of 96 of carpet dyeing wastewater, demonstrating the high separation potential of such membrane for wastewater treatment. We believe that simple approaches such as the present one would open up enormous possibilities in effective uses of wastage fuzzes of textile industry, considering the fact that electrospinning is a cost-effective method for the mass scale production of nanofibers. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Average diameter; carpet fuzzes; Cost-effective methods; Differential scanning calorimetries (DSC); Dye removal; Dye retention; Dyeing wastewater; Electrospinning techniques; Electrospun nanofibers; Electrospuns; Energy dispersive x-ray; Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies; FTIR; Mass scale productions; Nanofibrous membranes; Physicochemical property; SEM image; separation and purification; Separation potential; Simple approach; Textile wastewater, Differential scanning calorimetry; Dyeing; Electrospinning; Fabrication; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Functional groups; Nanofibers; Separation; Textile industry; Textile processing; Wastewater treatment, Membranes, amine; dye; hydroxide; nanofiber; polyacrylonitrile; polymer, article; chemical structure; controlled study; cost effectiveness analysis; differential scanning calorimetry; electrospinning; Fourier transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy; hydrodynamics; hydrolysis; large scale production; membrane filter; molecular weight; nanofabrication; nonhuman; pH; physical chemistry; scanning electron microscopy; textile fiber; textile industry; turbidity; waste water management; X ray, Calorimetry, Differential Scanning; Chloroform; Coloring Agents; Dimethylformamide; Floors and Floorcoverings; Membranes, Artificial; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning; Nanofibers; Polymers; Sodium Chloride; Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission; Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared; Textile Industry; Waste Disposal, Fluid
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Anatomy
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 14:32
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 14:32
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/782

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