The effect of vitamin D on morphine preference in rats: Possible biochemical and DRD2�GDNF signaling

Saeedfar, Mahbubeh and Ardjmand, Abolfazl and Alani, Behrang and Ghaderi, Amir and Banafshe, Hamid Reza and Shahaboddin, Mohammad Esmaeil and Ghavipanjeh, Gholamreza (2023) The effect of vitamin D on morphine preference in rats: Possible biochemical and DRD2�GDNF signaling. Brain and Behavior.

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Introduction: Despite half a century of research on vitamin D (Vit. D), its link to substance abuse and dependence has only been discussed in recent decades. Evidence also shows the involvement of Vit. D in the evolution of dopaminergic neurons in the nucleus accumbens, an increase in the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase, and the regulation of dopaminergic processes. The novel idea for this work is taken from a hypothesis given about the effectiveness of Vit. D on dopamine signaling pathway. It is therefore presumed that Vit. D can be considered an effective therapeutic approach for narcotic addiction and substance abuse. Methods: The animals were assigned into six groups (control, vehicle, Morphine Mor., and Vit. D 250, 500, and 1000 IU/kg, i.p.). Following each conditioning session in a conditioned place preference (CPP) model, the animals received Vit. D. Afterward, the locomotor activity of the animals was assessed using open-field apparatus. Malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), thiol, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured in the brain. The relative DRD2 and GDNF expressions (%) were also measured in the hippocampus. Results: Vit. D administration after Mor. caused a significant increase in the place preference index in the acquisition phase (p <.05). Vit. D altered the oxidation/antioxidation profiles (CAT, SOD, MDA, NO, TAC, and Thiol). Vit. D was more effective than Mor. in the expression of GDNF (p <.0001); however, in the expression of DRD2, this was only the case for 1000 IU Vit. D (p <.0001). Conclusions: Considering the increased place preference index induced by Mor., it can be concluded that Vit. D interacts via the oxidative pathway and DRD2�GDNF signaling to potentiate the Mor. effect.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Condition place preference,Dopamine,Morphine,Rat,Vitamin D
Subjects: Psychology
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: editor . 5
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2023 13:04
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2023 13:04

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