Scorpion sting in Iran: A review

Dehghani, R. and Fathi, B. (2012) Scorpion sting in Iran: A review. Toxicon, 60 (5). pp. 919-933.

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Among Middle Eastern countries, at least 52 species of scorpions, especially dangerous types, have been reported in Iran. This is more than any other country in the region. In addition, in Iran the recorded scorpion stings from 2001 to 2009 were more than 42,500 per year, of which, approximately 19.5 deaths have been reported each year, mostly in spring and summer.About 10 species are responsible for the reported envenoming which belong to the Buthidae family apart from Hemiscorpius lepturus which is a Hemiscorpiidae. The Buthidae family includes: Androctonus crassicauda, Mesobuthus eupeus, Odontobuthus doriae, Hottentotta saulcyi, Hottentotta schach, Compsobuthus matthiesseni, Orthochirus scrobiculosus, Apistobuthus pterygocercus and Olivierus caucasicus. A. crassicauda and H. lepturus are usually cited as the most dangerous species among Iranian scorpions.This article focuses on the main Iranian scorpions and their geographical distribution, especially those which are medically important and considered to be the more dangerous to human, and also attempts to demonstrate an accurate magnitude of scorpion stings in Iran. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 28
Uncontrolled Keywords: adrenalin; scorpion venom; venom antiserum, accuracy; Androctonus crassicauda; Apistobuthus pterygocercus; bites and stings; Buthidae; Buthotus; Compsobuthus matthiesseni; disease control; disease severity; endemic disease; envenomation; geographic distribution; health hazard; Hemiscorpiidae; Hemiscorpiidae lepturus; human; incidence; Iran; Mesobuthus eupeus; mortality; nonhuman; Odontobuthus doriae; Olivierius caucasicus; Orthochirus scrobiculosus; priority journal; public health problem; review; scorpion; scorpion sting; single drug dose; symptom, Animals; Bites and Stings; Demography; Geography; Humans; Iran; Scorpions; Seasons; Species Specificity, Androctonus crassicauda; Apistobuthus pterygocercus; Buthidae; Compsobuthus; Hottentotta; Lepturus; Mesobuthus caucasicus; Mesobuthus eupeus; Odontobuthus doriae; Orthochirus scrobiculosus; Scorpiones
Subjects: Health Professions
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2017 08:07
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2017 08:07

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