Correlation of arterial blood gas measurements with venous blood gas values in mechanically ventilated patients

Razi, E. and Nasiri, O. and Akbari, H. and Razi, A. (2012) Correlation of arterial blood gas measurements with venous blood gas values in mechanically ventilated patients. Tanaffos, 11 (4). pp. 30-35.

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Background: Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis is useful in evaluation of the clinical condition of critically ill patients; however, arterial puncture or insertion of an arterial catheter may cause many complications. The aim of this study was to determine whether venous blood gas (VBG) values can be used as an alternative to arterial blood gas measurements in patients under mechanical ventilation. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Kashan Beheshti Hospital. Blood for VBG analysis was obtained from the cubital vein, while for ABG analysis blood was taken simultaneously from the radial artery. ABG and VBG samples were obtained simultaneously, and indexes of pH, PCO2, HCO3, base excess (BE), PO2 and O2 saturation level were analyzed. Results: A total of 102 pair of simultaneous venous and arterial blood samples were obtained from 102 patients (mean age 58.4±21.5 years). Seventy (69) were males. The mean difference between arterial and venous values was 0.04 for pH, 5.6 mm/Hg for PCO2,-0.32 mmol/l for HCO3,-1.03 mmol/l for BE, 53.6 mm/Hg for PO2, and 23.5 for O2 saturation. The Pearson correlation coefficients between arterial and venous values for pH, PCO2, HCO3, BE, PO2 and O2 saturation were 0.874, 0.835, 0.768, 0.810, 0.287, and 0.310, respectively. Linear regression equations for the estimation of pH, PCO2, HCO3, BE, PO2 and O2 saturation were as follows: arterial pH=1.927+0.745�venous pH r=0.801, p<0.001; PCO2=6.470+0.706�venous PCO2 r=0.835, p<0.001; arterial HCO3=7.455+0.681�venous HCO3 r=0.768, p<0.001; arterial BE=- 0.952+0.736�venous BE r=0.810, p<0.001; arterial PO2=70.374+0.620�venous PO2 r=0.287, p=0.003; arterial venous saturation= 89.753+0.082�venous O2 saturation r=0.317, p = 0.001. Conclusion: Venous blood gases, especially pH, Base excess, and PCO2 levels have relatively good correlation with ABG values. Because this correlation is not close, VBG cannot substitute ABG in mechanically ventilated patients. © 2012 NRITLD.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: bicarbonate, adult; alkalosis; arterial gas; arterial pH; article; artificial ventilation; blood carbon dioxide tension; blood gas; blood oxygen tension; correlational study; female; human; major clinical study; male; oxygen saturation; pH measurement; venous gas
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2017 11:08
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2017 11:08

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