The supraclavicular flap for reconstruction of post-burn mentosternal contractures

Loghmani, S. and Eidi, M. and Mohammadzadeh, M. and Loghmani, A. and Raygan, F. (2013) The supraclavicular flap for reconstruction of post-burn mentosternal contractures. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 15 (4). pp. 292-297.

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Abstract

Background: The thin and pliable skin of the neck is a region with multidirectional activity, and postburn scar contractures tend to form there easily. The supraclavicular flap is used to correct neck scar contractures. Its main vascular supply is the supraclavicular artery, and it can be harvested as either a skin pedicle flap or an island flap (vascular pedicle flap). Objective: In this article, a total of 41 flaps are studied retrospectively and their efficacy in reconstruction of post-burn neck scar contractures is discussed. Also donor-site morbidity, patient satisfaction, and complications were evaluated. Patients and Methods: Between November of 2004 and January of 2009, 41 supraclavicular flaps were used for reconstructions in 32 patients at the authors' hospital. Twenty-four of these flaps were skin pedicle flaps, and 17 were island flaps. The range of flap size was 18 ± 6 cm in length, and 9 ± 3 cm in width. Pre-expansion was performed in 14 flaps. Primary closure of donor site was performed in 35 flaps. Results: Thirty-seven of the 41 flaps survived completely, but there were three cases of distal necrosis (10-30), and one case of complete flap necrosis. Twenty-nine of the 32 patients were satisfied with both the functional and aesthetic results. Conclusions: Scarring of the neck produces problems with function, and appearance. In our view, the supraclavicular flap, a thin flap of good texture, is an excellent and highly reliable flap for covering defects of the anterior neck. This flap is easy to harvest, with good functional and aesthetic results. © 2013, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent; adult; article; burn contracture; burn scar; child; clinical article; female; graft necrosis; hematoma; human; human tissue; male; neck; patient satisfaction; retrospective study; scar formation; skin flap; supraclavicular flap
Subjects: Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Surgery
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 13:01
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 17:05
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/696

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