Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E Virus infection among volunteer blood donors in central province of Iran in 2012

Ehteram, H. and Ramezani, A. and Eslamifar, A. and Sofian, M. and Banifazl, M. and Ghassemi, S. and Aghakhani, A. and Mashayekhi, P. (2013) Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E Virus infection among volunteer blood donors in central province of Iran in 2012. Iranian Journal of Microbiology, 5 (2). pp. 172-176.

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Background and Objectives: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major public health concern in developing countries. HEV transmission occurs primarily by the fecal-oral route. It has also been reported that blood donors are potentially able to cause transfusion-associated hepatitis E in endemic areas. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HEV infection among volunteer blood donors in Central province of Iran in 2012. Material and Methods: A total of 530 consecutive blood donor samples collected from Blood Transfusion Organization, Central Province of Iran. All samples were tested for the presence of IgG Hepatitis E antibody (anti-HEV) using enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: From 530 blood donors, 91.9 were male and 8.1 were female. Overall, anti-HEV was found in 76 of 530 samples (14.3). There was no significant difference in HEV seropositivity between the subjects regarding gender and area of residence (urban vs. rural). Anti-HEV was distributed among all age groups. Although people aged 31-50 years had the highest prevalence, but there was no statistical difference between the age groups. Conclusion: This study shows a relatively high prevalence of anti-HEV in the blood donors of Central province of Iran. More investigations are needed to assess the potential benefit of adding HEV screening of blood products to the current blood donor selection criteria.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 10
Uncontrolled Keywords: hepatitis E antibody, adult; article; blood donor; cross-sectional study; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; female; hepatitis E; human; Iran; major clinical study; male; posttransfusion hepatitis; sensitivity and specificity; seroprevalence
Subjects: Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Pathology& Histology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 15:15
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2017 15:15

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