Post-traumatic stress disorder: A neglected health concern among commercial motor vehicle drivers

Saberi, H.R. and Abbasian, H. and Motallebi-Kashani, M. and Naseri-Esfahani, A.H. (2013) Post-traumatic stress disorder: A neglected health concern among commercial motor vehicle drivers. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 4 (4). pp. 185-194.

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Abstract

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that may develop following a trauma. Iranian commercial motor vehicle drivers experience many road traffic accidents during their working life; this may increase the probability for developing PTSD, which in turn may lead to increased human errors as well as decreased work efficiency. Objective: To examine the prevalence of PTSD and its associated factors among a group of Iranian commercial motor vehicle drivers. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 424 drivers who referred to participate in an annually training program were selected using a simple random sampling technique. They were requested to complete the Persian version of PCL-C and a data collection sheet about their occupational and demographic features. Results: 385 (90.8) of 424 studied drivers completed the study. 265 (68.8) of the drivers had first-grade driving license. The mean±SD on-the-job daily driving was 10.2±2.8 h. 74 of 385 (19.2; 95 CI: 15.3-23.2) met the PTSD criteria. Higher age and job experience as a professional driver, and having past history or past familial history of psychiatric disorders, were independent predictors of developing PTSD. The disease was more prevalent among drivers with first-grade driving license. Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD among Iranian commercial motor vehicle drivers is higher than the figures reported elsewhere. Measures to diagnose of such drivers and to ensure optimum follow-up of victims before return to professional driving should be considered.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 4
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; article; car driving; clinical article; cross-sectional study; driver; driver licence; DSM-IV; health survey; human; male; occupational disease; posttraumatic stress disorder; prevalence; questionnaire; traffic accident; training, Accidents, Occupational; Accidents, Traffic; Adult; Automobile Driving; Cross-Sectional Studies; Humans; Iran; Male; Middle Aged; Occupational Health; Prevalence; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Subjects: Health Professions
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Occupational Health
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 15:48
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 16:01
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/616

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