Functional outcome of total knee arthroplasty in patients with haemophilia

Mortazavi, S.M.J. and Haghpanah, B. and Ebrahiminasab, M.M. and Baghdadi, T. and Toogeh, G. (2016) Functional outcome of total knee arthroplasty in patients with haemophilia. Haemophilia, 22 (6). pp. 919-924.

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Introduction: Haemophilic arthropathy (HA) is a debilitating complication of haemophilia which leads to TKA in severe cases. Aim: We conducted a prospective study of the outcome of TKA in our haemophilia cohort to define the outcomes in this population and increase the cost effectiveness of the procedure in our developing country. Methods: We reviewed patients with haemophilia who underwent TKA between April 2010 and April 2014. Patients with at least 6 months of follow-up were included. Preoperative knee scores (KSS and WOMAC) and the scores of the quality of life were recorded. Radiographic indices were registered pre- and postoperatively. Any complications were recorded. The patients underwent TKA with medial parapatellar approach. We had a low threshold for quadriceps snip when exposure was difficult. As our routine we did not use suction drains postoperatively. Results: We included 83 patients (all males, 103 knees). The mean age of the patients was 35.8 years. The mean follow-up period was 45.1 months. Three patients (3.6) had factor inhibitors. Twenty patients (24.1) underwent bilateral simultaneous TKA. The mean admission time was 13.87 days. We had two cases of wound infection and one case of haematoma. None of our patients needed transfusion. All knee scores were significantly improved (P < 0.000). Conclusion: Total knee replacement is an effective procedure in treatment of HA. Definition of standards of care for this procedure, which are tailored for resources of a developing country, can have major impact in improving outcomes while maximizing cost effectiveness of this surgery. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Special Surgery
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 17:51
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2017 17:51

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