Biochemical and pathological study of hydroalcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium L. On ethylene glycol-induced nephrolithiasis in laboratory rats

Hassani, H. and Parsa, Y. and Yadollah-Damavandi, S. and Jangholi, E. and Ashkani-Esfahani, S. and Gharehbeglou, M. (2014) Biochemical and pathological study of hydroalcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium L. On ethylene glycol-induced nephrolithiasis in laboratory rats. North American Journal of Medical Sciences, 6 (12). pp. 638-642.

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Background: Nephrolithiasis is of the most prevalent urinary tract disease. It seems worthwhile to replace the conventional treatments with more benefi cial and safer agents, particularly herbal medicines which are receiving an increasing interest nowadays. Aims: In this study, we investigated the protective and curative effects of Achillea millefolium L. on ethylene glycol (EG)-induced nephrolithiasis in rats. Materials and Methods: The extract of A. millefolium was prepared by soxhlet method. Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into fi ve groups (N = 8) as follows. The negative control (group A) received tap drinking water. Rats in sham (positive control group B), curative (group C and D), and preventive (group E) groups all received 1 EG in drinking water according to the experimental protocol for 30 days. In the curative groups, dosages of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight (BW) of A. millefolium extract were administered orally from day 15 to the end of the experiment, group C and D, respectively. Group E received 200 mg/kg A. millefolium extract from the 1st day throughout the experiment. Urinary oxalate and citrate concentrations were measured by spectrophotometer on the fi rst and 30thdays. On day 31, the kidneys were removed and examined histopathologically for counting the calcium oxalate (CaOx) deposits in 50 microscopic fi elds. Results: In the curative and preventive groups, administration of A. millefolium extract showed signifi cant reduction in urinary oxalate concentration (P < 0.05). Also, urinary citrate concentration was signifi cantly increased in group C, D, and E. The CaOx deposits signifi cantly decreased in group C to E compared with the group B. Conclusions: According to our results, A. millefolium extract had preventive and curative effects on EG-induced renal calculi. © 2014, North American Journal of Medical Sciences. All right reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Achillea millefolium extract; calcium oxalate; citric acid; ethylene glycol; oxalic acid, Achillea; animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; antibacterial activity; antiinflammatory activity; antioxidant activity; Article; controlled study; diuretic activity; histopathology; male; nephrolithiasis; nonhuman; rat; urinalysis
Subjects: Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Anatomy
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2017 07:28
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2017 07:28

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