Psychological health and marital adjustment in Iranian employed veterans and veterans receiving disability pension

Zargar, F. and Foruzandeh, E. and Omidi, A. and Mohammadi, A. (2014) Psychological health and marital adjustment in Iranian employed veterans and veterans receiving disability pension. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 16 (7).

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Abstract

Background: Human society has witnessed disasters and wars that left many consequences on families as well as social and individual life of the victims. Objectives: In this research, we compared the psychological health and marital adjustment in Iranian employed veterans with veterans receiving disability pension. Patients and Methods: The study participants were all of the veterans of Isfahan city registered in Veterans and Martyr Foundation who were receiving disability pension, were still working, or had not received any disability pension yet. A total of 330 veterans were selected by randomized systematic sampling. The Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire and Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) were completed by the participants. The data were analyzed by Chi square test, independent samples t test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Almost half of the veterans did not demonstrate any psychopathology and half of them were diagnosed with borderline or serious psychopathology. Veterans receiving disability pension had more mental problems in comparison with the employed veterans. Veterans receiving disability pension had higher scores in psychosomatic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, anxiety, phobias, psychoticism, and total scales (general symptom index, GSI) in comparison with the employed veterans. Employed veterans and veterans receiving disability pension did not differ significantly regarding DAS scores. Conclusions: Occupational condition has an important effect on mental health of veterans. © 2014, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; anxiety; article; controlled study; depression; Dyadic Adjustment Scale; female; hostility; human; major clinical study; male; marriage; medical society; obsessive compulsive disorder; paranoia; pension; phobia; psychological well being; psychosis; psychosomatic disorder; questionnaire; somatization; Symptom Checklist 90; veterans health; work disability
Subjects: Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 05:18
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2017 05:18
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/521

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