Comparing the effect of EMLA cream and lavender oil on severity of pain caused by enoxaparin injection in cardiac patients

Torki, B. and Firouzjaei, I.T. and Taghadosi, M. (2020) Comparing the effect of EMLA cream and lavender oil on severity of pain caused by enoxaparin injection in cardiac patients. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 30 (183). pp. 1-10.

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Background and purpose: Sodium enoxaparin is used in cardiac patients to prevent the progression of coronary artery obstruction. Its injection causes pain and bruises due to acidification and nurses should reduce these in patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of EMLA cream and lavender oil on reducing the pain caused by injection of enoxaparin in cardiac patients in Kashan, Iran 2018. Materials and methods: This clinical trial was performed in 75 patients with heart disease hospitalized in Kashan Shahid Beheshti Hospital. The patients were randomly divided into three groups to receive EMLA cream (n=25), lavender oil (n=25), and no treatment (control group, n=25). A researcher-made checklist including two parts (demographic information and pain scale) was used. The severity of pain was measured immediately and 5 minutes after two intermittent injections, in 24 hour, using visual scale. Data were analyzed in SPSS V21 applying ANOVA and Chi-square test. Results: The findings showed no significant differences between the two groups in demographic characteristics (age, sex, weight, height, and BMI). Compared to the control group, the severity of pain was significantly lower in groups that received lavender oil (P = 0.005) and EMLA cream (P= 0.01). Conclusion: According to this study, lavender oil and EMLA cream could reduce the pain caused by enoxaparin injection. © 2020, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: enoxaparin; lavender oil; lidocaine plus prilocaine, Article; cardiac patient; clinical trial; comparative study; controlled study; coronary artery obstruction; heart disease; human; injection pain; major clinical study; pain assessment; pain severity; visual analog scale
Subjects: Midwifery
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Midwifery
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2020 13:09
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 13:09

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