Toxoplasma, testosterone, and behavior manipulation: The role of parasite strain, host variations, and intensity of infection

Abdoli, A. (2014) Toxoplasma, testosterone, and behavior manipulation: The role of parasite strain, host variations, and intensity of infection. Frontiers in Biology, 9 (2). pp. 151-160.

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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite involved in the etiology of various behavioral and hormonal alterations in humans and rodents. Various mechanisms, including induction changes of testosterone production, have been proposed in the etiology of behavioral alterations during T. gondii infection. However, controversy remains about the effects of T. gondii infection on testosterone production; in some studies, increased levels of testosterone were reported, whereas other studies reported decreased levels. This is a significant point, because testosterone has been shown to play important roles in various processes, from reproduction to fear and behavior. This contradiction seems to indicate that different factors-primarily parasite strains and host variations-have diverse effects on the intensity of T. gondii infection, which consequently has diverse effects on testosterone production and behavioral alterations. This paper reviews the role of parasite strains, host variations, and intensity of T. gondii infection on behavioral alterations and testosterone production, as well as the role of testosterone in the etiology of these alterations during toxoplasmosis. © 2014 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Subjects: Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Parasitological & Mycology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 19:56
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2017 19:56
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/489

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