Ecological modeling and distribution analysis of digger scorpions: Odontobuthus doriae, Odonthubutus bidentatus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) and Scorpio maurus (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) in Iran using the maximum entropy method

Haghani, A. and Khoobdel, M. and Dehghani, R. and Adibzadeh, A. and Sobati, H. and Aliabadian, M. (2019) Ecological modeling and distribution analysis of digger scorpions: Odontobuthus doriae, Odonthubutus bidentatus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) and Scorpio maurus (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) in Iran using the maximum entropy method. Applied Entomology and Zoology.

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Abstract

Prediction models are essential for the potential geographic distribution of scorpions, prevention of scorpion stings and diverse applications in conservation biology. There is limited information about habitat suitability and the factors affecting the distribution of Iranian digger scorpions. This study was undertaken to model the distribution of three types of digger scorpion in Iran, Odontobuthus doriae Thorell, Odonthubutus bidentatus Lourenco (Scorpiones: Buthidae) and Scorpio maurus Pocockin (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae), and investigate the factors affecting its distribution using the maximum entropy method. A total of 20 environmental and climate variables were used for modeling and evaluation of the ecological niche. The similarities and differences between the ecological overlap of the digger scorpions were evaluated using comparative environmental niche model (ENM Tools software). The results showed that the main factors for habitat suitability of O. doriae were soil type, mean temperature of the wettest quarter and slope. The variables for S. maurus were soil type, precipitation of the coldest quarter and slope. Annual temperature range, mean temperature of the driest quarter and land use had the greatest influence on the distribution of O. bidentatus. The ecological niches for O. doriae and O. bidentatus overlapped. The niche of these species differed from the niche of S. maurus. This approach could be helpful for the prediction of the potential distribution of three digger scorpion species and this model can be an effective for the promotion of health. © 2019, The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Health Professions
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2019 11:57
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2019 11:57
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4742

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