Radiation-induced dual oxidase upregulation in rat heart tissues: Protective effect of melatonin

Farhood, B. and Aliasgharzadeh, A. and Amini, P. and Saffar, H. and Motevaseli, E. and Rezapoor, S. and Nouruzi, F. and Shabeeb, D. and Musa, A.E. and Ashabi, G. and Mohseni, M. and Moradi, H. and Najafi, M. (2019) Radiation-induced dual oxidase upregulation in rat heart tissues: Protective effect of melatonin. Medicina (Lithuania), 55 (7).

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Abstract

Background: Radiation-induced heart injury can lead to increased risk of heart failure, attack, and ischemia. Some studies proposed IL-4 and IL-13 as two important cytokines that are involved in late effects of ionizing radiation. On the other hand, these cytokines may, through upregulation of Duox1 and Duox2, induce chronic oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis. In this study, we evaluated the upregulation of Duox1 and Duox2 pathways in hearts following chest irradiation in rats and then detected possible attenuation of them by melatonin. Materials and Methods: Twenty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: (1) control; (2) melatonin treated (100 mg/kg); (3) radiation (15 Gy gamma rays); (4) melatonin treated before irradiation. All rats were sacrificed after 10 weeks and their heart tissues collected for real-time PCR (RT-PCR), ELISA detection of IL-4 and IL-13, as well as histopathological evaluation of macrophages and lymphocytes infiltration. Results: Results showed an upregulation of IL-4, IL4ra1, Duox1, and Duox2. The biggest changes were for IL4ra1 and Duox1. Treatment with melatonin before irradiation could attenuate the upregulation of all genes. Melatonin also caused a reduction in IL-4 as well as reverse infiltration of inflammatory cells. Conclusion: Duox1 and Duox2 may be involved in the late effects of radiation-induced heart injury. Also, via attenuation of these genes, melatonin can offer protection against the toxic effects of radiation on the heart. © 2019 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 3
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Para medicine > Department of Management Radiology and Medical Physics
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2019 15:23
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2019 15:23
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4523

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