The impact of postpartum depression on quality of life in women after child's birth

Sadat, Z. and Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi, M. and Kafaei-Atrian, M. and Karimian, Z. and Sooki, Z. (2014) The impact of postpartum depression on quality of life in women after child's birth. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 16 (2).

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Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common problem after child's birth and may influence the quality of life (QOL). Investigation of postpartum QOL and depression can be useful for better care for mothers and improvement of their well-being. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the life quality in mothers with and without PPD. Patients and Methods: In a prospective study, women who had experienced child's birth with and without PPD were recruited in Kashan-Iran. PPD was measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and QOL was measured by SF-36 questionnaire. Data collection was conducted at two assessment points: second month (n = 321) and fourth month (n = 300) postpartum. Based on EPDS, a score of 13 or more was defined as PPD. Mean scores of SF-36 questionnaire were compared between women with and without PPD at two assessment points and within each group from the first to the second assessments. Moreover, correlation between scores of EPDS and scores of life quality dimensions were evaluated. Data were analyzed by using the Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-square test, Pair t test, Wilcoxon, Pearson and Spearman Correlation Coefficient. Results: Differences in seven out of eight mean scores of QOL dimensions (except role-physical) between depressed and non-depressed women at the first and the second assessments were significant. Results of changes in mean scores of QOL dimensions from the first to the second assessments in each group showed that non-depressed women scored higher in all of eight dimensions with significant differences in two dimensions (bodily pain and role-emotional as well as mental health component). In depressed women, scores of life quality decreased in some of QOL dimensions but differences were not significant. There were significant negative correlations between EPDS scores and scores of seven out of eight SF-36 sub-scales (except role-physical) in addition to physical and mental health components at two assessments. The highest correlation was found between EPDS scores and emotional well-being and total scores of SF-36 dimension at the first and the second assessments (r = -o.489, r = -0.381), respectively. Conclusions: The findings demonstrated that postpartum depression leads to a lower life quality at second and fourth months postpartum. Integration of PPD screening into routine postnatal care is recommended. © 2013, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal; Published by Kowsar Corp.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 6
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; article; childbirth; Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale; education; emotion; female; human; major clinical study; maternal stress; mental health; mother; pain; pregnancy; prospective study; puerperal depression; quality of life; questionnaire; Short Form 36; symptom
Subjects: Midwifery
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Midwifery
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 22:54
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 15:54

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