A seven-year study on head injury in infants, Iran - - the changing pattern

Fakharian, E. and Mohammadzadeh, M. and Behdad, S. and Babamohammadi, A. and Mirzadeh, A.S. and Mohammadzadeh, J. (2014) A seven-year study on head injury in infants, Iran - - the changing pattern. Chinese Journal of Traumatology - English Edition, 17 (3). pp. 153-156.

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Abstract

Objective Head injury (HI) is the leading cause of mortality and life-long disability in infants. Infants have different anatomical and pathophysiological brain structures from other age groups. The aim of this study was to survey infant HI patients admitted to Shahid Behest Hospital in Kashan, Iran from 2004 to 2010, and to identify the causes of HIs in this age group. Methods In this retrospective study, all HI patients under the age of two who were hospitalized for more than 24 hours between January 2004 and January 2010 were enrolled in the study. Demographic, etiologic, and injury data were collected and a descriptive analysis was performed. Results Infants comprised 20.8 of all children (under 15 years old) with HIs and 65.1 of the injuries occurred in the home. Falls were the most common cause of injury (63.4). In hospital mortality was 6.6 per 100 000 infants. A decreasing trend was seen in home events, but HIs caused by traffic accidents were increasing during the study period. The amount of HI infants resulting from car accidents has tripled from the years 2004 to 2010. Conclusion Although home events and falling are the main causes of infant HIs and need attention, our study showed an increase of HIs caused by road traffic accidents, especially by car accidents, thus legislation for the implementation of protective equipment such as child safety seats and programs is urgently needed. © 2014 Daping hospital and the Research Institute of Surgery of the Third Military Medical University.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Article; child; childhood mortality; demography; female; head injury; health survey; hospitalized child; human; infant; Iran; major clinical study; male; newborn; preschool child; retrospective study; traffic; traffic accident; trend study
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 22:21
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2017 22:21
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/440

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