The effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause: A randomized controlled clinical trial

Mahdavipour, F. and Rahemi, Z. and Sadat, Z. and Ajorpaz, N.M. (2019) The effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 47.

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause. Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial. Setting: Gynecology outpatient clinic. Interventions: We enrolled 90 menopausal women with depression. Participants were assigned to the intervention (n = 45) and control (n = 45) groups by block randomization. Participants in the intervention group received 15 min of foot re�exology on each foot for a total of 30 min in evenings, twice a week for six weeks. Participants in the control group received only the routine care for menopause patients. Main outcome measures: The Beck Depression questionnaire was completed by all participants at the beginning of the trial and the end of the intervention and two months after completion of the intervention. Results: A total of 121 patients were assessed for eligibility to participate in the study. One-hundred patients met the criteria to participate, and 90 participants�45 participants in each group�completed the study. In the intervention group, the mean scores of depression before, immediately after, and two months after the study were 26.97 ± 4.47 (95 CI = 25.3�28.3), 22.55 ± 5.18 (95 CI = 20.9�24.1), and 21.20 ± 5.74 (95 CI = 19.4�22.9), respectively. In the control group, these scores were 26.15 ± 5.01 (95 CI = 24.6�27.6), 26.22 ± 5.14 (95 CI = 24.7�27.7), and 26.66 ± 3.87 (95CI = 25.5�27.8), respectively. Using Repeated Measures ANOVA, the comparison of the mean scores of depression in the two groups indicated that the scores were decreased over time. Conclusion: The findings indicated that the foot reflexology technique can be effective for reducing women's depression during menopause. However, considering the study's limitations, including a small sample size and no intervention in the control group, more studies are needed to verify the findings. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; analysis of variance; article; Beck Depression Inventory; clinical assessment; controlled study; female; gynecology; human; major clinical study; menopause; outcome assessment; outpatient department; questionnaire; randomization; randomized controlled trial; reflexology; sample size
Subjects: Midwifery
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Midwifery
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2020 11:19
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2020 11:19
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4380

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