Status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in Kashan, 2011: As a sample of industrial city

Shaeri, M. and Moravveji, S.A. and Fazel, M.R. and Rangraz-Jeddi, F. (2016) Status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in Kashan, 2011: As a sample of industrial city. Chinese Journal of Traumatology - English Edition, 19 (6). pp. 326-329.

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Abstract

Purpose Ocular trauma is the third leading cause of hospitalization in ophthalmology patients, imposing direct and indirect physical and psychological costs on society. This study aims to investigate the status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in the industrialized city of Kashan in 2011. Methods This cross-sectional descriptive applied study was conducted in 2012 on patients hospitalized for ocular trauma. Data, including age, gender, occupation, education, timing of admission following accident, location of accident, type of injury, damaging instrument, and type of trauma, were collected using a questionnaire designed by a trained nurse, and analyzed using SPSS-16 software by means of means ± standard deviation, frequency, and percentage for descriptive data and t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Chi-square and Fisher exact test for analysis at significance level of p < 0.05. Results In total, 82 patients were hospitalized due to ocular traumas. The majority of patients were male (65 patients, 79.3). Their mean age was (25.4 ± 21.4) years, with an age range of 20�40 years (30 patients, 36.6). Hyphema was the most common injury (26 patients, 25.5), home was the most frequent incident location (32 patients, 39), and knife or other cutting tools were mostly responsible for injuries (18 patients, 21.9). Patients were hospitalized for 1�6 days, and the average length of stay in hospital was 2.63 days. Frequency distribution of injuries based on whether or not ruptures differed significantly among different age groups. Conclusion The majority of ocular trauma occurred in young males. Knife was the principle culprit for eye injuries, followed by vehicles. To reduce such incidents, it is recommended that people be trained to avoid high-risk behaviors when using knives and to better heed driving rules and regulations. © 2016 Daping Hospital and the Research Institute of Surgery of the Third Military Medical University

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Health Professions
Divisions: Faculty of Para medicine > Department of Management & Health Information Technology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 17:42
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2017 06:23
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/42

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