Protective effects of combined Losartan and Nilotinib on carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 )-induced liver fibrosis in rats

Karimi, J. and Mohammadalipour, A. and Sheikh, N. and Khodadadi, I. and Hashemina, M. and Goudarzi, F. and Khanjarsim, V. and Solgi, G. and Hajilooi, M. and Bahabadi, M. and Kheiripour, N. and Hedayatyanfard, K. (2018) Protective effects of combined Losartan and Nilotinib on carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 )-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Drug and Chemical Toxicology.

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Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been developed as therapeutic compounds for inhibiting the progression of liver fibrosis. In the present study, the simultaneous treatment of Nilotinib (TKIs) and Losartan was studied. Forty rats were divided into eight groups of fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) and therapeutics (Nilotinib, Losartan, and combination therapy). In the end, serum parameters of the liver and gene expression analysis of transforming growth factor-β 1 , its receptors (TβRII), platelet-derived growth factor, its receptors (PDGFR β ), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9), tumor necrosis factor-α, cytochrome P450 2E1, and collagen1 type 1 were performed. The oxidant/antioxidant factors were also analyzed. Histopathology analysis along with α-SMA immunohistochemistry and hydroxyproline evaluation was also conducted for a more in-depth study. The overall results indicated a better therapeutic effect of co-treatment of Nilotinib�Losartan in comparison with the treatment of each of them alone. Interestingly, some gene and protein factors and fibrotic indices were reduced even to the normal levels of the control group. The results of this study suggest that co-administration of these two combinations, strengthens their anti-fibrotic properties and, due to the routine use of these compounds against AML and blood pressure, these compounds can be used with caution against human liver fibrosis. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0; Article in Press
Subjects: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Pharmacology
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2019 09:34
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2019 09:34

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