Mesenchymal stem cells improve ischemic stroke injury by anti-inflammatory properties in rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion

Nejati, M. and Tameh, A.A. and Vahidinia, Z. and Atlasi, M.A. (2018) Mesenchymal stem cells improve ischemic stroke injury by anti-inflammatory properties in rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 20 (1).

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Background: Ischemic stroke is a major cause of permanent disability and inflammation has a prominent role in stroke pathology. Stem cell therapy is a new approach for stroke treatment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are appropriate for this approach due to neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects. Objectives: In this experimental study, the neuroprotective effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on brain injury after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in rats was investigated with emphasis on inflammatory factors. Methods: Mesenchymal Stem Cells were isolated from bone marrow of rats and expanded by cell culture. Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomly selected and divided to 6 groups. The MCAO model was performed in 4 groups with 24 and 72 hours of reperfusion. A single infusion of 2�106 MSCs was transplanted in one of the 24-hour and 72-hour groups and others received saline. In the sham groups, surgery was done without MCAO. Behavioral tests were evaluated and infarct volume was measured by staining of brain sections. Serumlevels of Interleukin (IL) 1βand Tumornecrosis factor (TNF)αwere measured by the enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Relative expression of Interleukin (IL)1β, tumor necrotizing factor (TNF)α, and IL6 genes were assessed in penumbra of the ischemic region using real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The study results indicated that total behavioral scores were increased 72 hours after MSC transplantation (14.5±2.0, P < 0.01). Moreover, MSCs decreased the infarct volume both 24 hours (18.82 ± 1.58, P < 0.01) and 72 hours (14.4 ± 1.53, P < 0.05) after MCAO. Serum levels of IL-1βand TNFαwere increased afterMCAO, yet MSCs transplantation decreased IL-1β(368.3±109.5, P < 0.001) and TNFα (126.9 ± 38.6, P < 0.01) compared to saline. Also, relative gene expression of IL1β, TNFα, and IL6 was decreased by MSCs transplantation (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The MSCs had a neuroprotective effect in ischemic stroke via modulation of inflammatory response, and serum levels of IL1β and TNFα could be used as markers for evaluating anti-inflammatory effects of MSCs. © 2018, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase; interleukin 1beta; interleukin 6; tumor necrosis factor, adipocyte; animal experiment; animal model; antiinflammatory activity; Article; blood sampling; brain ischemia; controlled study; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; male; mesenchymal stem cell transplantation; middle cerebral artery occlusion; neuroprotection; nonhuman; osteoblast; protein expression; rat; real time polymerase chain reaction; surface property
Subjects: Anatomy Morphology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Anatomy
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2019 10:05
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2019 10:05

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