Epidemiology and economic loss of fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis in Arak, Iran

Arbabi, M. and Nezami, E. and Hooshyar, H. and Delavari, M. (2018) Epidemiology and economic loss of fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis in Arak, Iran. Veterinary World, 11 (12). pp. 1648-1655.

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Abstract

Aim: Fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis are important parasitic diseases worldwide, causing significant financial losses due to decrease in production and viscera condemnation in animals. We performed the current research to assess the epidemiology of these infections and determine their significance from an economic perspective in Arak, Iran. Materials and Methods: In total, we evaluated 118,463 sheep, 207,652 goats, and 43,675 cattle through necropsic analysis at the slaughterhouses. The average weight of sheep, goat, and cattle liver was 1000, 900, and 5000 g, respectively. The average price of liver in the market was 8 USD/kg. Moreover, the elimination of fundamental nutrients and vitamins was evaluated in infected livers. The prevalence of fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis was determined. Analysis of variance test was applied for the statistical analysis, and the significance level was <0.05. Results: In total, Fasciola hepatica and Dicrocoelium dendriticum were detected in 0.56 (confidence interval CI, 0.54-0.59) and 0.77 (CI, 0.75-0.81) of the animals, respectively (p=0.1). The annual economic loss attributed to fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis was 26698.4 and 30479.2 USD, respectively. The total economic loss was 10,880, 9079.2, and 10,520 dollars in sheep, cattle, and goats, respectively. On the other hand, financial loss resulting from fasciolosis was 7160, 6098.4, and 13,440 dollars in sheep, goats, and cattle, respectively. In addition, economic loss due to dicroceliasis was 10,880, 9079.2, and 10,520 dollars, respectively. Conclusion: Overall, fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis in Iran always remain common in sheep, goats, and cattle that afford major economic loss of all the country also exist in Arak province. The present study could provide basic information for further examination of liver fluke infections in Iran. © 2018 Veterinary World. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: vitamin, animal tissue; Article; autopsy; bile duct; bovine; dicrocoeliasis; Dicrocoelium dendriticum; economic aspect; Fasciola hepatica; fascioliasis; gallbladder; goat; Iran; liver; liver weight; macronutrient; nonhuman; palpation; parasite prevalence; seasonal variation; sheep; slaughterhouse
Subjects: Mathematics
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2019 12:22
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2019 12:22
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4019

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