The Relation between Toxocariasis and Toxoplasmosis co-infection and the presence of Rheumatoid Factor (RF) in people with hydatidosis in Southwestern Iran, from 2013 to 2018

Fasihi Karami, M. and Rafiei, A. and Raiesi, O. and Getso, M. and Akhlaghi, E. and Jalali, P. and Shayanfard, M. and Beigzadeh, E. and Arbat, S.K. and Mirabedini, Z. and Raissi, V. (2019) The Relation between Toxocariasis and Toxoplasmosis co-infection and the presence of Rheumatoid Factor (RF) in people with hydatidosis in Southwestern Iran, from 2013 to 2018. Journal of Parasitic Diseases.

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Abstract

Toxoplasmosis, toxocariasis, and hydatidosis are parasite diseases with a very human-like pathway of infection. worldwide including Iran, there are infected people with these infections. Between 2013 and 2018, serum samples were collected from 124 patients with hydatidosis and 124 serums from hydatidiosis free. Samples were examined for the presence of toxocariasis by detecting IgG antibodies, using the ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) IBL kit and for the presence of IgG antibodies for toxoplasmosis, using the ELISA test. Risk factors such as contact with animal pets; cats and dogs, rural or urban living, age, sex, and Presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) in serum were investigated during the study. The presence of RF was examined using an agglutination test in all confirmed cases of hydatidosis, toxocariasis, and toxoplasmosis. Of the 124 positive cases of hydatidosis, 30 (24.2), 51 (41.1) and 15 (12.09) had toxoplasmosis, toxocariasis and simultaneous infection (toxoplasmosis and toxocariasis), respectively. In people with toxocariasis, rheumatoid factor was reported more frequently than in other cases. The relationship between the prevalence of rheumatoid factor in serum in people with toxocariasis was significant (41.18). Interaction with dogs and cats and area of residence were identified as risk factors for toxocariasis (P value > 0.005). Although hydatidosis and toxocariasis are Less common infections compare with toxoplasmosis, they are considered a threat to public health in some parts of the world, including Iran. Some factors, such as habitat and interaction with animal pets (dogs and cats), play a more significant role in toxocariasis compared to toxoplasmosis in people with hydatidosis. © 2019, Indian Society for Parasitology.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Parasitological & Mycology
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2019 13:40
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2019 13:40
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3783

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