Effect of simulated mastication on the surface roughness and wear of machinable ceramics and opposing dental enamel

Daryakenari, G. and Alaghehmand, H. and Bijani, A. (2019) Effect of simulated mastication on the surface roughness and wear of machinable ceramics and opposing dental enamel. Operative Dentistry, 44 (1). pp. 88-95.

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Abstract

Objective: Computer aided design-computer aided machining (CAD-CAM) ceramic crowns are replacing ceramo-metal ones due to newly developed mechanical properties and esthetics. To obtain knowledge about their interactions due to polishing and occlusal contacts with the opposing dental enamel specimen, including surface roughness and wear, the three-body wear simulation was investigated. Methods and Materials: The surface roughness (RA) and wear rate (mm) of four CAD-CAM blocks with different compositions including Vita Mark II, e.max, Suprinity, and Enamic, after two surface treatments of glazing and polishing, and their opposing enamel specimens, were investigated using a mastication simulator and atomic force microscope. Results: The roughness of all ceramic and to a greater extent enamel samples, with the exception of enamel opposing polished Enamic samples, was decreased after wear. No significant difference in wear was evident for the ceramic samples between the glazed and polished treatments. Lower wear rates were recorded only for polished Vita Mark II and polished Enamic in comparison to the glazed ones. Conclusion: The newly developed polishing systems for CAD-CAM ceramics can be good alternatives to reglazing, because the roughness and wear rate of both the ceramic and the opposing enamel will either not change or decrease. © Operative Dentistry, 2019.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Department of Dental and Oral Surgery
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 07 May 2019 08:57
Last Modified: 07 May 2019 08:57
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3760

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