An annotated checklist of the human and animal entamoeba (Amoebida: Endamoebidae) species- A review article

Hooshyar, H. and Rostamkhani, P. and Rezaeian, M. (2015) An annotated checklist of the human and animal entamoeba (Amoebida: Endamoebidae) species- A review article. Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 10 (2). pp. 146-156.

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Background: The number of valid of pathogen and non-pathogen species of Entamoeba has continuously increased in human and animals. This review is performed to provide an update list and some summarized information on Entamoeba species, which were identified up to the 2014. Methods: We evaluated the Entamoeba genus with a broad systematic review of the literature, books and electronic databases until February 2014. The synonyms, hosts, pathogenicity and geographical distribution of valid species were considered and recorded. Repeated and unrelated cases were excluded. Results: Totally 51 defined species of Entamoeba were found and arranged by the number of nuclei in mature cyst according to Levin�s grouping. Seven of these species within the 4 nucleate mature cysts group and 1 species with one nucleate mature cyst are pathogen. E. histolytica, E. invadence, E. rananrum and E. anatis causes lethal infection in human, reptiles, amphibians and brides respectively, four species causes non-lethal mild dysentery. The other species were non-pathogen and are important to differential diagnosis of amoebiasis. Conclusion: There are some unknown true species of Entamoeba that available information on the morphology, hosts, pathogenicity and distribution of them are still very limited and more considerable investigation will be needed in order to clarify the status of them. © 2015, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: amebiasis; electronic medical record; Entamoeba; Entamoeba anatis; Entamoeba histolytica; Entamoeba invadence; Entamoeba rananrum; geographic distribution; human; information processing; molecular genetics; nonhuman; pathogenesis; Review; species diversity; systematic review, Amphibia; Animalia; Entamoeba; Entamoeba anatis; Entamoeba histolytica; Euamoebida; Reptilia
Subjects: Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Parasitological & Mycology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 16:27
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 16:27

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