High prevalence of direct repeat unit types of 10di, 8 h and 8i among methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains with staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IIIA isolated in Tehran, Iran 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences

Motallebi, M. and Jabalameli, F. and Beigverdi, R. and Emaneini, M. (2019) High prevalence of direct repeat unit types of 10di, 8 h and 8i among methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains with staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IIIA isolated in Tehran, Iran 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 8 (1).

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Abstract

Background: The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a main concern in burn care centers worldwide. The some reports of MRSA in Iran suggested that MRSA with type SCCmec III is common among burn patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, virulence genes, and antimicrobial susceptibility of the direct repeat units (dru) types of MRSA with SCCmec IIIA isolated from burn wounds in a burn care center in Tehran, Iran. Methods: In total, 165 S. aureus isolates were collected from clinical samples. In order to detect MRSA isolates, the mecA gene was amplified through the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested using the disc agar diffusion test. Moreover, the PCR method was applied to determine SCCmec types, virulence genes, and antimicrobial resistance genes. The dru region was sequenced and thereby, dru types and dru repeats were identified. A similarity matrix was used to create minimum spanning tree (MST). Results: The prevalence of MRSA was 69 (114 out of 165 isolates). Most of MRSA isolates (61 out of 114, 53.5) were SCCmec type IIIA. All MRSA isolates were vancomycin-susceptible and more than 68 of MRSA isolates with SCCmec type IIIA were mupirocin resistant. The successful dru typing of isolates with SCCmec type IIIA revealed fourteen different dru types. There were two new dru types, namely dt10di and dt7aj. MST analysis indicated the presence of the three clusters of dt10di (cluster I), dt8i-dt8 h (cluster II), and dt11c-dt10ao-dt11dd-dt11a-dt10a (cluster III). There were significant differences between clusters I and II respecting antimicrobial resistance pattern and virulence genes. Conclusion: Three main dru clusters are prevalent in the study setting. The main dru types in the setting are dt10di, dt8i, and dt8 h. Dru typing can be used to differentiate MRSA strains with SCCmec IIIA. © 2019 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: clindamycin; cotrimoxazole; dalfopristin plus quinupristin; erythromycin; linezolid; oxacillin; pseudomonic acid; rifampicin; vancomycin, antibiotic resistance; antibiotic sensitivity; Article; bacterial chromosome; bacterial gene; bacterial strain; bacterial virulence; bacterium isolation; burn; controlled study; gene cassette; Iran; mecA gene; methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus; nonhuman; priority journal; sequence analysis
Subjects: Immunology and Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Microbiology & Immunology
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 10:50
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 10:50
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3685

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