Contribution of regulatory T cells to cancer: A review

Najafi, M. and Farhood, B. and Mortezaee, K. (2019) Contribution of regulatory T cells to cancer: A review. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 234 (6). pp. 7983-7993.

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Abstract

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) represent a low number of T-cell population under normal conditions, and they play key roles for maintaining immune system in homeostasis. The number of these cells is extensively increased in nearly all cancers, which is for dampening responses from immune system against cancer cells, metastasis, tumor recurrence, and treatment resistance. The interesting point is that apoptotic Tregs are stronger than their live counterparts for suppressing responses from immune system. Tregs within the tumor microenvironment have extensive positive cross-talks with other immunosuppressive cells including cancer-associated fibroblasts, cancer cells, macrophage type 2 cells, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and they have negative interactions with immunostimulatory cells including cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer cells. A wide variety of markers are expressed in Tregs, among them forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) is the most specific marker and the master regulator of these cells. Multiple signals are activated by Tregs including transforming growth factor-β, signal transducer and activator of transcription, and mTORC1. Treg reprogramming from an immunosuppressive to immunostimulatory proinflammatory phenotype is critical for increasing the efficacy of immunotherapy. This would be applicable through selective suppression of tumor-bearing receptors in Tregs, including FOXP3, programmed death-1, T-cell immunoglobulin mucin-3, and CTL-associated antigen-4, among others. Intratumoral Tregs can also be targeted by increasing the ratio for CTL/Treg. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Subjects: Medicine
Immunology and Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Para medicine > Department of Management Radiology and Medical Physics
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 12:55
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 12:55
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3654

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