Cancer stem cells (CSCs) in cancer progression and therapy

Najafi, M. and Farhood, B. and Mortezaee, K. (2019) Cancer stem cells (CSCs) in cancer progression and therapy. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 234 (6). pp. 8381-8395.

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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are self-renewable cell types that are identified in most types of liquid and solid cancers and contributed to tumor onset, expansion, resistance, recurrence, and metastasis after therapy. CSCs are identified from the expression of cell surface markers, which is tumor-type dependent. The transition between CSCs with cancer cells and other non-CSCs occurs in cancers, which is possibly under the control of signals from CSCs and tumor microenvironment (TME), including CSC niche. Cancer-associated fibroblasts are among the most influential cells for promoting both differentiation of CSCs and dedifferentiation of non-CSCs toward attaining a CSC-like phenotype. WNT/β-catenin, transforming growth factor-β, Hedgehog, and Notch are important signals for maintaining self-renewal in CSCs. An effective therapeutic strategy relies on targeting both CSCs and non-CSCs to remove a possible chance of tumor relapse. There are multiple ways to target CSCs, including immunotherapy, hormone therapy, (mi)siRNA delivery, and gene knockout. Such approaches can be designed for suppressing CSC stemness, tumorigenic cues from TME, CSC extrinsic and/or intrinsic signaling, hypoxia or for promoting differentiation in the cells. Because of sharing a range of characteristics to normal stem/progenitor cells, CSCs must be targeted based on their unique markers and their preferential expression of antigens. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Para medicine > Department of Management Radiology and Medical Physics
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 12:53
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 12:53

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