A new focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Isfahan Province, Central Iran

Doroodgar, A. and Sadr, F. and Razavi, M.R. and Doroodgar, M. and Asmar, M. and Doroodgar, M. (2015) A new focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Isfahan Province, Central Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 5 (S1). S54-S58.

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the epidemiological features of cutaneous leishmaniasis including human infection, reservoirs and vectors in the city of Aran o Bidgol. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on Leishmania spp. isolated from rodents, sandflies and patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Aran o Bidgol. Parasites were identified by random amplified polymorphic DNA-PCR technique and data were reported by using descriptive statistics and frequency percent. Results: Random amplified polymorphic DNA-PCR showed that 71.4 of human isolates were Leishmania major (. L. major) and the rest were Leishmania tropica. In addition, 17.8 of Rhombomys opimus and 1.9 of female Phlebotomus papatasi were infected with L. major. Conclusions: The results indicate that L. major parasite is the causative agent of the disease among patients. And Rhombomys opimus and Phlebotomus papatasi are the main reservoir host and vector in the dissemination of L. major in the city. Therefore Aran o Bidgol is introduced as a new focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Central Iran in order to prevent zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis, and control of the rodents and sandflies are suggested. © 2015 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent; adult; aged; Article; child; clinical article; controlled study; cross-sectional study; female; human; Iran; Leishmania major; Leishmania tropica; male; nonhuman; parasite cultivation; parasite identification; parasite isolation; parasite vector; Phlebotomus papatasi; polymerase chain reaction; priority journal; random amplified polymorphic DNA; rat; skin leishmaniasis
Subjects: Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Parasitological & Mycology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 17:01
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 17:01
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/351

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