Immunomodulatory effects of human amniotic epithelial cells on naive CD4+ T cells from women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion

Motedayyen, H. and Zarnani, A.-H. and Tajik, N. and Ghotloo, S. and Rezaei, A. (2018) Immunomodulatory effects of human amniotic epithelial cells on naive CD4+ T cells from women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion. Placenta, 71. pp. 31-40.

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Abstract

Abstract Introduction Immune imbalance at the maternal-fetal interface plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) possess pregnancy-friendly immunomodulatory effects. Here, we investigated how function of naive CD4+ T cells from URSA patients is affected by hAECs. Methods Phenotypic characteristics of hAECs were determined by flow cytometry and their effect on proliferation of allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was evaluated by a BrdU cell proliferation assay. Naive CD4+ T cells were isolated from 25 URSA patients and 5 healthy women and co-cultured with hAECs. Immunomodulatory effects of hAECs on cytokines profile, proliferation of stimulated CD4+ T cells and induction of regulatory T cells (Tregs) were assessed by ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. Functional competency of Tregs was evaluated in an allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) system. Results hAECs did not elicit allogeneic proliferative responses of PBMCs, inhibited proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells, induced production of Th2 and suppressed production of Th1 and Th17 cytokines. hAECs showed the ability to induce differentiation of Tregs and production of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). This ability was found to be superior in control subjects compared to URSA patients. Indeed, Tregs generated in the presence of hAECs expressed higher levels of CTLA-4 compared to Tregs generated in their absence and restrained the proliferation of autologus PBMCs in MLR system. Conclusion Based on these findings, hAECs can be considered as one potential candidate in immunotherapy of patients with URSA. Keywords Immunomodulatory effects Amniotic epithelial cells Naive T cells Unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Subjects: Immunology and Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Microbiology & Immunology
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2018 07:59
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2018 07:59
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3485

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