Epidemiology and clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Badrood city, Iran, in 2013

Momen-Heravi, M. and Afzali, H. and Ahmadi, H. and Saboori-Kashani, M. (2015) Epidemiology and clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Badrood city, Iran, in 2013. Journal of Isfahan Medical School, 33 (334).

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Abstract

Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a common endemic parasitic disease in Iran. This disease is always a serious health problem in Isfahan province, especially in Badrood city, and its prevalence has been doubled over the last decade. This study was designed to determine the epidemiology and clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Badrood city in 2013. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done on all detected patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Badrood city via active detection during one year. Patients were visited by physician and a questionnaire including the demographic data and characteristics of the wounds were filled through interview and examination of patients. Diagnosis was confirmed via revealing of the leishman body in smear of the wounds. The results were analyzed using SPSS software. Findings: 55.6 of the patients were men. Age group of 15-30 years had the highest rate (23.8) among the patients. 66.7 of patients had history of staying in Agha Ali Abbas region. All the wounds were of the rural form. The lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis were painless, pruritus, less than 3 cm, and with secretion. Extremities were the most common sites for the infection. There was complete or partial healing after the treatment in most of the patients. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, cutaneous leishmaniasis in Badrood city is rural form and most of the patient are men and older than 15 years of age. Complete or partial healing can be seen after the treatment in most of the patients. © 2015, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences(IUMS). All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent; adult; Article; clinical feature; cross-sectional study; endemic disease; female; human; Iran; male; physician; pruritus; questionnaire; skin leishmaniasis; smear
Subjects: Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Infectious Diseases
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 19:24
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 19:24
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/330

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