Radiation-induced inflammation and autoimmune diseases

Yahyapour, R. and Amini, P. and Rezapour, S. and Cheki, M. and Rezaeyan, A. and Farhood, B. and Shabeeb, D. and Musa, A.E. and Fallah, H. and Najafi, M. (2018) Radiation-induced inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Military Medical Research, 5 (1).

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Currently, ionizing radiation (IR) plays a key role in the agricultural and medical industry, while accidental exposure resulting from leakage of radioactive sources or radiological terrorism is a serious concern. Exposure to IR has various detrimental effects on normal tissues. Although an increased risk of carcinogenesis is the best-known long-term consequence of IR, evidence has shown that other diseases, particularly diseases related to inflammation, are common disorders among irradiated people. Autoimmune disorders are among the various types of immune diseases that have been investigated among exposed people. Thyroid diseases and diabetes are two autoimmune diseases potentially induced by IR. However, the precise mechanisms of IR-induced thyroid diseases and diabetes remain to be elucidated, and several studies have shown that chronic increased levels of inflammatory cytokines after exposure play a pivotal role. Thus, cytokines, including interleukin-1(IL-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ), play a key role in chronic oxidative damage following exposure to IR. Additionally, these cytokines change the secretion of insulin and thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH). It is likely that the management of inflammation and oxidative damage is one of the best strategies for the amelioration of these diseases after a radiological or nuclear disaster. In the present study, we reviewed the evidence of radiation-induced diabetes and thyroid diseases, as well as the potential roles of inflammatory responses. In addition, we proposed that the mitigation of inflammatory and oxidative damage markers after exposure to IR may reduce the incidence of these diseases among individuals exposed to radiation. Keywords Radiation Inflammation Autoimmune diseases Thyroid Diabetes

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Radiology
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2019 10:04
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 10:04
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3285

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