Epidemiological aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis during 2009-2016 in Kashan city, central Iran

Moein, D. and Masoud, D. and Saeed, M. and Abbas, D. (2018) Epidemiological aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis during 2009-2016 in Kashan city, central Iran. Korean Journal of Parasitology, 56 (1). pp. 21-24.

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Abstract

Abstract Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) can be seen in 2 forms, zoonotic and anthroponotic, in Iran. In this study, epidemiological aspects of CL were studied during an 8-year period (2009–2016) in city of Kashan, central Iran. The demographic and epidemiological data, including age, sex, occupation, number and site of the lesions, treatment regimen, past history of CL, and season of all patients were gathered from the health centers. Descriptive statistics were used to describe features of the study data. Total 2,676 people with CL were identified. The highest annual incidence was estimated to be 182 per 100,000 population in 2009 and the least was in 2016 (47 per 100,000 population). The highest frequency affected age groups were observed in 20–29 year-old patients (20.9%). More than 51% of the patients were under 30 years old. The maximum frequency of the disease, 1,134 (43.3%), was seen in autumn. The most common location of lesions was hands (61.4%). Most of the patients (81.6%) were treated by systemic glucantime regimen. In the city of Kashan, the incidence rate of the CL disease is significantly higher than many other regions of Iran. To reduce the risk of disease, control of reservoir hosts and vectors of disease, and education of individual protection are strongly recommended. Keywords: Leishmania major, Leishmania tropica, cutaneous leishmaniasis, epidemiology, Iran

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Parasitological & Mycology
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2019 12:39
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2019 12:39
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3223

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