Comparing the effect of whole body massage by a specialist nurse and patients relatives on blood cortisol level in coronary patients

Adib-Hajbaghery, M. and Rajabi-Beheshtabad, R. and Ardjmand, A. (2015) Comparing the effect of whole body massage by a specialist nurse and patients relatives on blood cortisol level in coronary patients. ARYA Atherosclerosis, 11 (2).

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DOI: UNSPECIFIED

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases such as acute coronary syndrome and myocardial infarction are often accompanied by severe anxiety over the likelihood of death. Cortisol has been known as a stress hormone. However, there are controversies about the effect of massage therapy on blood cortisol level. Furthermore, no study is available on the difference between massage applied by a nurse specialist or by patients� relatives on blood cortisol level. This study was aimed to compare the effect of massage applied by a nurse specialist and patients� relatives on blood cortisol level among the patients admitted in coronary care unit (CCU). METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, ninety patients hospitalized at CCU were randomly placed in three groups: massage by a nurse; massage by patients� relatives and control group. The two massage groups received a session of whole body massage. The control group received the routine care. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance, chi-square and Fischer exact tests, Kruskal�Wallis and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks tests. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 58.43 ± 14.23 years. None of the participants had the history of massage therapy. In the group massaged by a nurse, the median blood cortisol level was 281.90 nanomoles, which were decreased to 197.00 after the intervention (P < 0.007). The median blood cortisol level in the group massaged by the patients� relatives and the control group did not affect significantly. CONCLUSION: Massage therapy decreased the blood cortisol level in the group that received massage by a specialist nurse. It can be recommended that massage therapy be used in patients admitted in CCU. © 2015, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences(IUMS). All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrocortisone, adult; Article; cardiac patient; controlled study; coronary care unit; education; hospitalization; human; major clinical study; massage; nurse; patient satisfaction; questionnaire; randomized controlled trial; relative; therapy effect
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Nursing - Medical Surgical
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 20:21
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 22:50
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/319

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