Gonadal steroids block the calpain-1-dependent intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in an experimental rat stroke model

Vahidinia, Z. and Alipour, N. and Atlasi, M.A. and Naderian, H. and Beyer, C. and Azami-Tameh, A. (2017) Gonadal steroids block the calpain-1-dependent intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in an experimental rat stroke model. Neurological Research, 39 (1). pp. 54-64.

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Objectives: Apoptosis plays an important role in the progression of the ischemic penumbra after reperfusion. Estrogen and progesterone have neuroprotective effects against ischemic brain damage, however the exact mechanisms of neuroprotection and signaling pathways is not completely understood. In this study, we investigated the possible regulatory effects of a combined steroid treatment on extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways after cerebral ischemia. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) using an intraluminal filament technique for 1 h followed by 23 h reperfusion. Estrogen and progesterone were immediately injected after tMCAO subcutaneously. Sensorimotor functional tests and the infarct volume were evaluated 24 h after ischemia. Protein expression of calpain-1 and Fas receptor (FasR), key members of intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis, were determined in the penumbra region of the ischemic brain using western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL staining. Results: Neurological deficits and infarct volume were significantly reduced following hormone therapy. Calpain-1 up-regulation and caspase-3 activation were apparent 24 h after ischemia in the peri-infarct area of the cerebral cortex. Steroid hormone treatment reduced infarct pathology and attenuated the induction of both proteases. FasR protein levels were not affected by ischemia and hormone application. Conclusion: We conclude that a combined steroid treatment inhibits ischemia-induced neuronal apoptosis through the regulation of intrinsic pathways. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Anatomy
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 17:36
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2017 17:36
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/31

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