The effect of sertraline and 8-OH-DPAT on the PTZinduced seizure threshold: Role of the nitrergic system

Heydari, A. and Davoudi, S. (2017) The effect of sertraline and 8-OH-DPAT on the PTZinduced seizure threshold: Role of the nitrergic system. Seizure, 45 (1). pp. 119-124. ISSN 1059-1311

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Abstract

Purpose Serotonin is a key regulatory neurotransmitter in the CNS which plays an important role in seizure through different receptors, especially the 5HT1A subtype. The role of sertraline through the 5HT1A receptor and nitric oxide interaction on the PTZ-induced seizure threshold was investigated in this study. Method In this study, 70 white male mice were randomly divided into 10 groups including intact control, sham-control and eight experimental groups which received sertraline, 8-OH-DPAT, WAY100635, WAY100635 + sertraline, WAY100635 + 8-OH-DPAT, L-NAME, L-NAME + sertraline and L-NAME + 8-OH-DPAT. After 14 days of treatment in different groups, the PTZ-induced seizure threshold was assessed and the measurement of nitric oxide metabolites in the brain tissue was done with the Greiss method. Results The seizure threshold was significantly increased in the sertraline and 8OH-DPAT receiving groups compared to the sham group (P < 0.001). In the presence of WAY100635, the effect of both sertraline and 8-OH-DPAT in raising the seizure threshold was more prominent (P < 0.001) but on the other hand, in the presence of L-NAME, an increase in the anticonvulsant effect of 8-OH-DPAT was observed, while L-NAME alone had no effect on the seizure threshold (P < 0.001). The NOX concentration was significantly decreased in the 8-OH-DPATtreated group (P < 0.01), while the WAY100657 reversed it and the combination of 8-OH-DPAT with L-NAME reduced the NOX levels (P < 0.001). Conclusions These findings support the anticonvulsant effect of SSRIs and selective 5HT1A receptors, although serotonin receptors other than 5HT1A subtype may be involved and also it is probable that some anticonvulsant effects of the sertraline and 8-OH-DPAT are through the modulation of nitrergic system. © 2016 British Epilepsy Association

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of physiology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2017 13:52
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 13:52
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/28

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