Long-term trends of Nitrogen oxides and surface ozone concentrations in Tehran city, 2002-2011

Motesaddi Zarandi, S. and Alimohammadi, M. and Kazemi Moghaddam, V. and Hasanvand, M.S. and Miranzadeh, M.B. and Rabbani, D. and Mostafaei, G.R. and Sarsangi, V. and Hajiketabi, S. and Mazaheri-Tehrani, A. (2015) Long-term trends of Nitrogen oxides and surface ozone concentrations in Tehran city, 2002-2011. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 13 (1).

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Abstract

Background and aim: Tropospheric ozone is a problem with multi aspects - hazard to human health, plant, and welfare and a key factor to climate change, air pollution and atmosphere chemistry, as well. Behavior of ozone and nitrogen oxides (NO, and NO<inf>2</inf>) concentration is highly complex and variable; therefore, their trends as short and long-term were significantly attended. Most of the studies were carried out on the behavior of pollutant concentrations in North America, Europe, and East Asia, but few studies have been conducted in west Asia. The aim of this study was to assess daily changes and long-term trend of ozone and nitrogen oxides concentrations in Tehran city, Iran from March 2002 to September 2011. Material and methods: Data were collected from 18 air quality monitoring stations. The data were sorted as daily mean of 10 years (daily changes) and annual mean for each year (long-term trend). One-sample test was used to assess the statistical significance. Results: Current findings indicated that changes of ozone, NO, and NO<inf>2</inf> concentrations are dependent from job shifts and photochemical reactions. Annual mean concentrations of ozone and NO<inf>2</inf> were gradually increased, long-term trend of ozone and NO<inf>2</inf> concentration indicated. The correlation between long term trend of ozone and NO<inf>2</inf> was significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The controlling program was the most important factor in long-term concentration of ozone, and nitrogen oxides, but some problems and difficulties were accounted to perform controlling program. © 2015 Motesaddi Zarandi et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: air quality; atmospheric chemistry; concentration (composition); nitrogen oxides; ozone; trend analysis; troposphere, Iran; Tehran Iran; Tehran Tehran (PRV)
Subjects: Environmental Science
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 14:56
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 13:57
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/245

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