Characterization of eye truama patients at Matini Hospital in Kashan, 1991-97

Zare, M. and Aghadoost, D. and Habibi, M. (1998) Characterization of eye truama patients at Matini Hospital in Kashan, 1991-97. Feyz Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, 1.

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History and Objectives: Patients are hospitalized for eye trauma for various reasons and causes in Iran and world. The present investigation is undertaken in order to pinpoint the causes and characteristic of patients with eye trauma referred to the Matini hospital of Kashan in 1991-1997. Materials and Methods: Data were analyzed on 400 patients. Patients diagnosed with definitive eye trauma were considered for this study and personal profile including age, sex, occupation, place of living, type of trauma (Blunt, penetrating and burnt, etc …) underlying cause of trauma, location of trauma in the eye, visual acuity before and after treatment were recorded. Descriptive statistics were presented. Results: Under the 9 year age group was presented with the most prevalent incidence of eye trauma (36%). Mean age of patients was 20.7 and age interval was from 3 month to 109 year. 79% of patients (318) were male and 21% (82) were female. Summer and winter scored the highest (32.5%) and lowest (18.8%) rate of incidences respectively. Accidents with branches and wood sticks were the most prevalent reason of eye trauma and trauma caused by animals was the lowest in ranking (5%). Blunt, penetrating and chemical-thermal burn contributed 57%. 41%, 2% respectively to total underlying cause of the eye trauma. Bleeding of posterior chamber presented with the most patients group and thermal burn presented with least frequent group of patients (26.8% and 0.5% respectively). 57.7% of patients were treated through surgical procedures and 42.3% treated with non-surgical means. Conclusion: Ocular injuries are the most prevalent in younger age. Most patients referred to the hospital required surgical treatment. Visual acuity was improved greatly after hospitalization and treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Feyz journal
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 14 May 2017 15:37
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 16:15

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