Inhibitory effect of crocin(s) on lens crystallin glycation and aggregation, results in the decrease of the risk of diabetic cataract

Bahmani, F. and Bathaie, S.Z. and Aldavood, S.J. and Ghahghaei, A. (2016) Inhibitory effect of crocin(s) on lens crystallin glycation and aggregation, results in the decrease of the risk of diabetic cataract. Molecules, 21 (2).

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Abstract

The current study investigates the inhibitory effect of crocin(s), also known as saffron apocarotenoids, on protein glycation and aggregation in diabetic rats, and α-crystallin glycation. Thus, crocin(s) were administered by intraperitoneal injection to normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The cataract progression was recorded regularly every two weeks and was classified into four stages. After eight weeks, the animals were sacrificed and the parameters involved in the cataract formation were measured in the animal lenses. Some parameters were also determined in the serum and blood of the rats. In addition, the effect of crocin(s) on the structure and chaperone activity of α-crystallin in the presence of glucose was studied by different methods. Crocin(s) lowered serum glucose levels of diabetic rats and effectively maintained plasma total antioxidants, glutathione levels and catalase activity in the lens of the animals. In the in vitro study, crocin(s) inhibited α-crystallin glycation and aggregation. Advanced glycation end products fluorescence, hydrophobicity and protein cross-links were also decreased in the presence of crocin(s). In addition, the decreased chaperone activity of α-crystallin in the presence of glucose changed and became close to the native value by the addition of crocin(s) in the medium. Crocin(s) thus showed a powerful inhibitory effect on α-crystallin glycation and preserved the structure-function of this protein. Crocin(s) also showed the beneficial effects on prevention of diabetic cataract. © 2016 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Biochemistry
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 22:04
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 22:04
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/188

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