The identification of bacterial flora in oral cavity of snakes

Dehghani, R. and Sharif, M.R. and Moniri, R. and Sharif, A. and Haddad-Kashani, H. (2016) The identification of bacterial flora in oral cavity of snakes. Comparative Clinical Pathology, 25 (2). pp. 279-283.

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Snakebites are a great public health concern in tropical and subtropical countries. It cannot only cause poisoning but also yield some infections in victims. There are some pathogenic agents in snake�s oral flora. This study was carried out to determine bacterial agents existing in the oral cavity of venomous and non-venomous snakes in Kashan, Iran. Using sterile swabs, the samples were obtained in two stages from the oral cavity of 11 venomous and non-venomous snakes before feeding and 3 weeks later. Then, they were cultured on Mac Conkey blood agar mediums. Gram staining of all samples was performed. Appropriate mediums and tests were fulfilled to determine gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The highest rate of infection belonged to coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (34.5 ) and the lowest rate was for Pseudomonas (3.1 ). Salmonella (18.8 ); Escherichia and Providencia (each 12.5 ); and Proteus, Enterococcus, and Bacillus (each 6.2 ) were other contributing pathogens found in snakes oral cavity. The obtained findings demonstrated significant bacterial pathogens in oral cavity of venomous and non-venomous snakes. Therefore, not only anti-venom treatment but also, due the probability of infections, the diagnosis and treatment should be considered in victims. © 2015, Springer-Verlag London.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Subjects: Health Professions
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Clinical Sciences > Department of Infectious Diseases
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 17:01
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 17:01

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