Comparing the cognitive-behavioral aspects of pain and pain acceptance based on mindfulness level in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders

Mazaheri, M. and Manshaee, Gh.R. (2016) Comparing the cognitive-behavioral aspects of pain and pain acceptance based on mindfulness level in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. Feyz Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, 20.

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Official URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-2976-en.html
DOI: UNSPECIFIED

Abstract

Background: Pain is an inevitable part of life that affects thoughts, feelings and behavior of people. The aim of the study was to compare cognitive behavioral aspects of pain and pain acceptance based on mindfulness level in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). Materials and Methods: In this study, the participants were all patients with FGID referred to the digestive psychosomatic disorders clinic in Isfahan in 2014. One-hundred sixty seven cases were selected using census method. Then among them, three groups (30 in each group) were randomly selected based on mindfulness level (low 1.5-3, medium 3.1-4.5 and high 4.6-6). To collect information, the scales of the Mindful Attention and Awareness (MAAS), the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI) and Acceptance of chronic pain (CPAQ) were used. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Man Whitney-U tests. Results: Kruskal-Wallis analysis showed that based on cognitive behavioral aspects of pain there was a significant difference between three groups: impairment in daily function (P<0.05), pain intensity (P<0.01) and emotional distress (P<0.01). No significant difference was seen for pain acceptance. Conclusion: According to the findings, except for pain acceptance, the mindfulness level is related to other cognitive behavioral aspects of pain. Hence, mindfulness-based programs can be effective on pain reduction and its negative aspects in patients with FGID, which pain is one of its main symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Feyz journal
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 07 May 2017 12:01
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2017 12:07
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1506

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