Effects of local alendronate sodium gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing on smokers with chronic periodontitis: a pilot study

Kiany, F. and Montaseri, H. and Adibi, S. and Golshah, M. and Golshah, S. (2017) Effects of local alendronate sodium gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing on smokers with chronic periodontitis: a pilot study. Feyz Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, 21.

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Official URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3281-en.html
DOI: UNSPECIFIED

Abstract

Introduction: Chemical treatments for the modulation of host response are applied along with mechanical modalities as adjunctive to periodontal treatment. The objective of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of locally-delivered alendronate sodium gel in adjunction to scaling and root planning on periodontal indices and bone formation within vertical defects of smokers with chronic periodontitis. Methods and Materials: In this study vertical defects (n=8) with depth>5 mm have been investigated. After performing the phase I of periodontal treatment, alendronate sodium gel (1) was applied into the periodontal pockets. The whole procedure was repeated after 4 weeks. Periodontal indices (plaque and bleeding), probing depth, gingival recession, and radiographic parameter (depth of bony defect) were measured at the beginning and following 6 months. Results: Compared to pre-treatment, the probing depth, radiographic depth of bony defect and bleeding and plaque indices were significantly reduced by local application of alendronate sodium gel (P=0.026; P=0.012 and P=0.007 respectively). Gingival recession showed significant increase (P=0.011). Conclusion: Local alendronate sodium gel (1) plays an important role in the improvement process of periodontal indices and bone formation within vertical bony defects of smoker patients with chronic periodontitis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine
Divisions: Feyz journal
Depositing User: ART . editor
Date Deposited: 06 May 2017 14:30
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 14:15
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1428

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