Physical activity patterns in the elderly kashan population

Sadrollahi, A. and Hosseinian, M. and Alavi, N.M. and Khalili, Z. and Esalatmanesh, S. (2016) Physical activity patterns in the elderly kashan population. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 18 (6).

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Abstract

Background: Physical activity is an important component of health in old age that provides personal independence, physical ability, and quality of life. Objectives: The current study aimed to evaluate physical activity and associated factors among the elderly population in Kashan, Iran. Patients and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample was 400 elderly people (aged more than 60 years) living in Kashan, Iran in 2014. The subjects randomly selected via multi-stage cluster sampling from healthcare centers in three regions of Kashan. The sample size differed by gender and residence type. Each participant�s demographic characteristics and level of physical activity were recorded in a questionnaire, and the data were analyzed by SPSS version 16. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, Pearson correlations, and ordinal regression were used in the data analysis. The significance level for all the tests was P < 0.05. Results: 237 (59.2) of the subjects were female. The average age of the study population was 67.6±6.8 years. Their average physical activity energy consumption was 326.21±364.84 according to the metabolic equivalent of hours per week. 20 subjects (5) reported no physical activity. 320 (80) and 59 (14.8) subjects had low and moderate physical activity levels, respectively. Only 1 subject (0.2) had extreme levels of physical activity. Men (n = 43, 26.4) were more likely to be moderately or extremely physically active than women were (n = 17, 7.2). There was a significant relationship between physical activity and sex (P < 0.0001), marital status (P < 0.0001), educational status (P < 0.002), current occupation (P < 0.0001), and personal independence (P < 0.00001). Of course, effective predictive variations included age (P = 0.034), gender (P = 0.001), marital status (P = 0.033), independent status (P = 0), and local environment (P =0.001). Conclusions: The study revealed low physical activity in the elderly population in Kashan. The pattern of physical activity in the elderly depends on their lifestyle. A promotion of active lifestyles should be a part of health care planning for the elderly. © 2016, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: aged; aging; chi square test; cluster analysis; controlled clinical trial; controlled study; cross-sectional study; data analysis software; educational status; energy consumption; female; gender; health care planning; human; human tissue; lifestyle; major clinical study; male; marriage; metabolic equivalent; occupation; physical activity; questionnaire; randomized controlled trial; sample size; statistics
Subjects: Health Professions
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Nursing - Medical Surgical
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 21:11
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2017 21:11
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/132

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