Atorvastatin attenuates the antinociceptive tolerance of morphine via nitric oxide dependent pathway in male mice

Hassanipour, M. and Amini-Khoei, H. and Shafaroodi, H. and Shirzadian, A. and Rahimi, N. and Imran-Khan, M. and Rezayat, S.M. and Dehpour, A. (2016) Atorvastatin attenuates the antinociceptive tolerance of morphine via nitric oxide dependent pathway in male mice. Brain Research Bulletin, 125. pp. 173-180.

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The development of morphine-induced antinociceptive tolerance limits its therapeutic efficacy in pain management. Atorvastatin, or competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, is mainstay agent in hypercholesterolemia treatment. Beyond the cholesterol-lowering activity, exploration of neuroprotective properties of this statin indicates its potential benefit in central nervous disorders. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of atorvastatin in development and expression of morphine-induced analgesic tolerance in male mice and probable involvement of nitric oxide. Chronic and acute treatment with atorvastatin 10 and 20 mg/kg, respectively, could alleviate morphine tolerance in development and expression phases. Chronic co-administration of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors including L-NAME (non selective NOS inhibitor; 2 mg/kg), aminoguanidine (selective inducible NOS inhibitor; 50 mg/kg) and 7-NI (selective neuronal NOS inhibitor; 15 mg/kg) with atorvastatin blocked the protective effect of atorvastatin in tolerance reversal. Moreover, reversing the atorvastatin effect was also observed in acute simultaneous treatment of L-NAME (5 mg/kg) and aminoguanidine (100 mg/kg) with atorvastatin. Co-treatment of guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, ODQ (chronic dose: 10 mg/kg and acute dose: 20 mg/kg) was associated with prevention of atorvastatin anti-tolerance properties. Our results revealed that the atorvastatin modulating role in morphine antinociceptive tolerance is mediated at least in part via nitric oxide in animal pain models of hot plate and tail flick. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1h 1,2,4 oxadiazolo4,3 aquinoxalin 1 one; 7 nitroindazole; aminoguanidine; arginine; atorvastatin; morphine; n(g) nitroarginine methyl ester; nitric oxide, animal experiment; animal tissue; antinociception; Article; controlled study; drug antagonism; drug mechanism; hot plate test; male; morphine tolerance; mouse; nonhuman; pain threshold; priority journal; protection; tail flick test
Subjects: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Pharmacology
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 21:40
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2017 21:40

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