The effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with diabetic nephropathy: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Khatami, P.G. and Soleimani, A. and Sharifi, N. and Aghadavod, E. and Asemi, Z. (2016) The effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with diabetic nephropathy: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Lipidology, 10 (4). pp. 922-929.

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Abstract

Background Limited data are available that evaluated the effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with DN. Methods This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out among 60 patients with DN. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups to take either 1200 IU/d of vitamin E supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples were obtained at the onset of the study and after 12-week intervention to assess biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Results After 12 weeks of intervention, compared with the placebo, vitamin E supplementation resulted in a significant increase in serum vitamin E levels (+42.3 ± 13.4 vs �0.8 ± 0.8 nmol/mL, P < .001) and a significant decrease in urine protein (�6.8 ± 4.3 vs �1.0 ± 8.0 mg/dL, P = .001) and protein-to-creatinine ratio (�0.2 ± 0.1 vs 0.0 ± 0.1, P < .001). In addition, a significant reduction in serum tumor necrosis factor-α (�35.4 ± 34.9 vs +5.6 ± 6.2 ng/L, P < .001), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (�556.7 ± 485.9 vs +60.4 ± 53.7 ng/mL, P < .001), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (�1461.5 ± 1456.0 vs +225.7 ± 488.2 ng/L, P < .001), malondialdehyde (�0.9 ± 0.5 vs +0.3 ± 0.4 μmol/L, P < .001), advanced glycation end products (�1832.2 ± 1941.6 vs +177.3 ± 324.1 arbitrary unit, P < .001), and insulin concentrations (�0.5 ± 2.7 vs +0.7 ± 1.0 μIU/mL, P = .03) was seen after the administration of vitamin E supplements compared with the placebo. Supplementation with vitamin E had no significant effects on other biomarkers of kidney injury, fasting plasma glucose, and insulin resistance compared with the placebo. Conclusion Overall, our study demonstrated that oral high-dose vitamin E supplementation for 12 weeks among DN patients had favorable effects on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress. © 2016 National Lipid Association

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: Nutrition
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences > Department of Nutrition
Depositing User: editor . 2
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 22:48
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 22:48
URI: http://eprints.kaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/115

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